Hair care at home Step-by-step

  Proper hair care will help improve its quality and appearance and prevent major problems – head cortex, limb bombing, rapid root contamination, and slow hair growth.

Traditionally, care is defined as the regular washing of hair and scalp, as well as the occasional use of masks and other special devices. However, the range of measures is much broader – the article will look at the main stages and modes of care.

Home hair care phases

Home care can be seen as the following steps.

1. Purification

Head washing is the most important step. The scalp and hair must be regularly cleaned of excess skin fat, residues, and contamination. Shampoo should be chosen according to hair type and needs.

2. Air conditioning


Attractants (surfactants) that are part of any shampoo lead to the discovery of the hair rod scales. This is the only way to wash thoroughly. Besides, shampoo changes the pH skin of the head and hair, and it is important to restore balance with air conditioning. The latter helps to give smoothness and shine, to protect against external factors, to facilitate combing.

Conditioners and washers are equally good at these tasks, but only if chosen by hair type and according to the used shampoo. The best option is to use two products of the same series. The product should be applied along the length of the hair, avoiding roots to avoid the formation of a fatty film on the scalp.

3. Hydration and nutrition

The hair requires food and moisture at any time of the year. In winter, dry air and the use of headgear become causes of dullness, in summer UV rays and active loss of body fluid. Hot stowage, drying with a hairdryer, staining, and other manipulations can be detrimental all year round.

You can return moisture and nutrients to your hair using masks. Masks are selected according to the tasks:

Restoration of a healthy brightness;

reduction of fall-out;

improvement of hair structure, etc.

4. Protection

To preserve moisture and nutrients, it is necessary to provide reliable protection with thermal protection sprays, permanent treatment agents, oil.

5. Brushing/laying

Brushing helps to distribute cosmetic products evenly by the hair, stimulating the blood supply of scalp skin. But remember, you only have to brush your hair when it’s dry.

If you also want to use peeling or scrub to purify the scalp skin, it is advisable to first use shampoo at the hair roots. Air conditioning is the last thing you put on.

Use of any masks is advisable on clean hair and cleansed scalp. Step-by-step hair care involves the use of an air-conditioner or a washer-balm after the mask.

The final step is the application of indelible products. They can solve specific problems: create a stove, protect the hair from hot air when drying with a hairdryer or from ultraviolet, etc.



It is better to wash hair with warm water: a good water purification with a temperature of up to 40 C is possible, and a hotter one can cause hair loss due to the loosening of bulbs.

It is necessary to wet your hair thoroughly over the whole length, which will allow you to distribute the shampoo evenly.

Pour 1 2 teaspoons of shampoo into the wet palm of your hand, foam it, and apply it to the condiment area – it should be given special attention. The rest of the length is enough to wash thoroughly enough foam.

Washing your hair twice is better: the first time you flush pollution and greasy film from your hair, the second time you scrub your hair carefully. You can take less shampoo for the last washing, without the skin fat it will foam even better.

How often do you wash your head?

The basic rule of hair care is washing as it gets contaminated. And the intensity and speed of contamination depend on the amount of fat produced.

The main mistake is washing your head just to give your hair back volume. This can also be done by other means, without harming the scalp.

Normal hair must be washed once every 2 3 days. Fat and fatty hair – daily or once every 2 days. Dry hair may be washed less than once every 3 days, depending on how soon it starts to get dirty.

I’m sure you’ve heard that washing your head often isn’t healthy. By increasing the interval between hygienic procedures, we will not teach grease glands to work less intensively, because the type of hair is genetically laid. But we can get even bigger hair problems.

So don’t ignore the needs of the hair – wash your head as often as you need. And if your hair looks dirty by the end of the day, try using soft detergents.

How to pick up shampoo

The choice of shampoo is determined by the skin type of the head. The main task is the purification of skin from products of sebaceous glands, as well as the removal of orogenic cells and contamination.

It is especially important to choose the shampoo carefully for sensitive skin. In this case, a hypoallergenic preparation is required. Note the note on dermatological control.

A dry scalp requires shampoo with moisturizing components. Lipid-free products are suitable for home hair care. It is important to pay attention to the type of surfactants that form the basis of the formula.

Soft anionic, amphoteric and nonionic surfactants will be suitable for dry hair. For example, Hair Repair Shampoo from Divina Bellezza uses Cocamidopropyl betaine (Cocamidopropyl betaine) as a PAV.

This is a soft PAV that is suitable for weakened and dry hair. The formula of shampoo is supplemented by silk proteins, keratin, and pantheon, which allow caring for dry hair, to restore its structure and to provide a healthy shine.

It is also important for the fat skin of the head to choose shampoos with non-aggressive formulas. Although a more powerful formula is needed, overly active surfactants can disrupt the sebaceous glands. If you have to wash your head every day, it is better to switch to soft fatty hair products.


The mask provides the hair with additional moisture, power, and repair. It is best applied after shampooing. The latter opens the cuticle, the scales of the hair rod, and the air conditioner is called to close it. So the post-air-conditioning masks will be meaningless.

The mask needs time to act. Note the manufacturer’s recommendation on how long to keep the product on your hair. To increase the effect, it is not necessary to increase the exposure time – it is enough to use a thermos cope to help the active components penetrate deeper into the hair structure.

This hair care step is not mandatory. You may not use the mask after each head washing – focus on the hair condition. In case of severe damage, permanent use of the product is allowed. And then, as you recover, apply 1 2 times a week.

Indelible leaving


However, applying the air-conditioner after flushing the mask is obligatory – it is the final step of the care and helps to close the hair cuticle, leaving inside all active substances and useful components of the mask. Air conditioners can be flushed and indelible.


Proper laying involves the use of special means, especially if you use a hairdryer, a curling pliers, or a straightening iron.

It is also better to choose the shape of the product according to the hair type:

  • for dry and brittle – creams, thick emulsions with cream texture;
  • For normal – serums, sprays;
  • For fat – light, weightless fluids.

Oil application

Curly hair will be covered with butter. However, the oils are universal, and you can use them in almost any case. The main thing is not to put them on the roots.


Beauty salons offer a variety of treatments:

Nano plastic is an advanced keratin straightening.

Botox for hair is a procedure aimed at restoring hair structure.

Keratin coating is the application of keratin formulations that give smoothness.

Shielding – a procedure using essential oils.

Lamination – As a result, moisture is sealed in the stem of the hair.

It is important to remember that many of the procedures involve the heating of the hair with the prior application of special compositions. Any kind of straightening in any way contributes to the breakdown of the hair structure.

Although all salon sealing or sealing of the tips provides an attractive appearance of hair, cosmetic and moisture components do not penetrate the rod as a result. So the effect of each procedure is temporary, and restoring the locks will take a long time.

Home care

As a home care today, so-called hair fillers are popular. They contain hydrolyzed keratin, ceramics, glycerine, collagen, amino acids, silk proteins, and other active substances. This makes it possible to reconstruct hair structure in the event of damage. They act as a mask.

Another way to care for hair is to massage the scalp. A balanced diet is also desirable – the maintenance of general health will have a favorable effect on the condition of locks.


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